Frontier College is the oldest Canadian literacy organization. Its goal is to improve literacy in Canada by helping people in need of a basic education who have, for whatever reason, been overlooked by the standard public education system. To meet this objective, Frontier College provides a range of literacy and educational programs, in English and in French, for children, youth and adults (see Adult Education). The organization is active throughout Canada, working in community centres as well as in Aboriginal reserves, refugee centres, farms, logging camps and prisons.
The Royal Society of Canada is the oldest bilingual organization of Canadian scholars, artists and scientists in the fields of humanities, social sciences and sciences. Created in 1883, the Royal Society of Canada included more than 2,000 members in 2017, approximately 20 per cent of whom had French as their mother tongue. Members are elected for their remarkable contributions in the arts, the humanities and the sciences, as well as in Canadian public life. The Society’s headquarters are located in Ottawa, Ontario.
The University of Waterloo is a public research university whose main campus is located in Waterloo, Ontario. Founded in 1957, the institution received its Ontario charter in 1959. It began as a nondenominational engineering and science faculty associated with the University of Western Ontario.
During this period some of Toronto's theological colleges also federated with the university. Knox College (founded 1844), a Presbyterian seminary, affiliated with the university in 1885 and federated in 1890. Wycliffe College (Anglican, founded 1877) became a federated college in 1889.
Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, Ont, was founded in 1965. Its roots date back to 1946 when Lakehead Technical Institute was established. The name was changed to Lakehead College of Arts, Science and Technology in 1956, and in 1957 the city of Port Arthur donated the land for a new college campus.
Nipissing University, North Bay, Ont, was founded in 1967 and was affiliated with Laurentian University until 1992 when it was granted its independence. Although one of Canada's newest universities, it can trace its roots to 1909 with the founding of the North Bay Normal School.
Ryerson University, Toronto, Ont, was founded 16 September 1948 as the Ryerson Institute of Technology. The institute is situated on historic St James Square, where the Toronto Normal School was established in 1852 by Egerton Ryerson, chief superintendent of education for Canada West.
McGill University, in Montréal, Québec, was founded in 1821. It is one of the oldest institutions to offer university-level education in Canada. Its main campus is located in downtown Montréal, while the Macdonald Campus is approximately 30 km to the west, in Sainte-Anne de Bellevue.