Université du Québec was founded on 18 December 1968 and is the only public university network in Canada. It was conceived as a vital element in the reform of Québec's educational system, as stated in its threefold mission, which is to promote access to university education, contribute to Québec’s scientific development, and participate in the development of its regions.

Université du Québec has an active presence throughout the territory, which covers 1 667 441 km2. This enables it to offer comprehensive university education at the undergraduate, graduate and post-graduate levels, through a network of ten universities present in about 50 cities of the province. In addition to academic training, the network is actively engaged in research. Its institutions are particularly concerned with innovation in science and technology sectors that are linked to Québec’s territorial, economic and social specificities. Land use is also a priority and the presence of Université du Québec’s institutions supports the establishment of regional networks and niches that foster development and are inviting to entrepreneurs, ensuring the vitality and sustainability of the regions.

The Université du Québec’s network includes the following institutions: Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM), Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières (UQTR), Université du Québec à Chicoutimi (UQAC), Université du Québec à Rimouski (UQAR), Université du Québec en Outaouais (UQO), Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue (UQAT), Institut national de la recherche scientifique (INRS), École nationale d'administration publique (ENAP), École de technologie supérieure (ÉTS) and Télé-université (TÉLUQ).