Nègres blancs d'Amérique

Nègres blancs d'Amérique (1968), a Marxist analysis of Québec history and a program for the future, was written under the guise of autobiography by Pierre Vallières while he was confined in a Manhattan jail for FLQ activities. It dramatizes his impoverished, frustrated childhood during the DUPLESSIS era as the son of working-class parents in Longueuil-Annexe; his checkered career as a philosophy student, office worker, Franciscan postulant, writer and friend of the poet Gaston MIRON and of the intelligentsia associated with CITÉ LIBRE, PARTI PRIS and Le DEVOIR; and his "conversion" to MARXISM and FRONT DE LIBÉRATION DU QUÉBEC involvement following a trip to France and Spain. To Vallières, Québec's working class reveals the characteristics of a colonized people; "white niggers" denotes a condition of being which he felt could be altered only through violent revolution. The work was revised and expanded in 1969, and it was translated in 1971 as White Niggers of America.