Grant, Cuthbert

 Cuthbert Grant, fur trader, Métis leader, captain of the Métis at SEVEN OAKS (b at Fort de la Rivière Tremblante [Sask] c 1793; d at White Horse Plains [St-François-Xavier, Man] 15 July 1854). Grant, his reputation tarnished by the events at Seven Oaks, overshadowed in history by RIEL, has not been given due credit for his leadership of the MÉTIS. Of Scottish and Cree or Assiniboine background and educated apparently in Montréal, Grant came back to the North West as a trader-bourgeois of the NORTH WEST CO in 1815. In 1816 he led the Métis to victory at Seven Oaks, an unplanned clash of Métis and Selkirk settlers. Three years after the amalgamation of the NWC and HUDSON'S BAY CO, in the spring of 1824, Grant led 80 to 100 Métis families to settle and farm at White Horse Plains (Grantown, later St-François-Xavier). In 1828 he was appointed warden of the Plains by HBC Governor George SIMPSON, and for at least 25 years his followers served as providers and protectors of the RED RIVER COLONY. Grant was a founder of the Métis Nation, but ironically, it was a younger generation of Métis nationalists who, by defying his attempts to uphold the HBC monopoly at the Sayer trial in 1849, brought his career as warden and sheriff of ASSINIBOIA to an end.