Holling, Crawford Stanley

Crawford Stanley Holling, "Buzz," ecologist (b at Theresa, NY 6 Dec 1930 of Canadian parents). One of the best-known Canadian forest entomologists, Holling has gained international recognition for his work in the management of natural resources. He was educated at the University of Toronto and the University of British Columbia. He was known to his scientific colleagues for his research in forest entomology with the Canada Department of Forestry from 1952-64 at Sault Ste Marie, and from 1965-67 at Victoria, but his public prominence dates from his subsequent work at UBC, where he became professor of zoology in 1967 and was director of the Institute of Animal Resource Ecology 1969-73. Addressing a variety of resource management problems using a workshop technique, Holling and his colleagues developed a worldwide reputation for incisive and perceptive analysis and their advocacy of "adaptive management policies." Holling was director of the International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis in Vienna 1981-84 and now is a professor at UBC.