Construction began on the Rideau Canal. It was completed in 1832 after five working seasons.
1621Ordinances Published (Qué)
The first ordinances of Québec were published, but these documents have never been found.
1911Conservatives Back in Power
In a federal election, the Conservatives under Robert Borden's leadership returned to power, winning 133 seats to the Liberals' 86. Laurier's Liberals had been in power since 1896. The election was a defeat for the Liberals' policy of free trade.
1910Birth of Anne Wilkinson
Writer Anne Wilkinson, who is known chiefly for her poetry, which is sensuous and wittily intellectual, was born at Toronto.
1999NDP Regain Manitoba
Manitoba's NDP won a majority in a close provincial election. Leader Gary Doer became the new premier, ousting Conservative leader Gary Filmon, who had been premier for 11 years.
1979Payette Appointed (Qué)
Lise Payette was appointed as the Minister Responsible for the Status of Women, a new ministry created by René Lévesque.
1927Rail Disaster in Yale
Ten railway cars carrying a valuable cargo of silk went off the rails east of Yale, BC. Five of them ended up in the Fraser River.
1979First Minister of State for the Status of Women
Lise Payette became the first Minister of State for the Status of Women.
2013Death of Michel Brault
Cinematographer and director Michel Brault died in Toronto, Ontario. A pioneering documentary filmmaker, and the only Canadian to win the Best Director prize at the Cannes Film Festival, Brault was one of Canada’s most acclaimed and revered filmmakers.
2005First Female First Nations Senator Appointed
Sandra Lovelace Nicholas, a Maliseet woman from the Tobique First Nation in New Brunswick, became the first First Nations woman appointed to the Senate.
1812American Raid on Gananoque
An American raid on Gananoque, Upper Canada, destroyed food supplies, captured ammunition, and showed the vulnerability of the British supply line.
1963Place des Arts Opens
Montréal's new concert hall, Place des Arts, opened.
1934Birth of Leonard Cohen
Poet, novelist, singer and songwriter Leonard Cohen was born in Westmount, Québec. Cohen was one of the most iconic Canadian artists of the 20th century. A sage, mystic, bohemian and romantic, he built an acclaimed body of literary work and a revered career in pop music.