However, they were granted much more than a safe conduct. They were received on the same terms as the Canadian militiamen; that is, there would be no punishment for having taken up arms against the British. Furthermore, they were accorded the free exercise of their religion, of their customs and of freedom of trade with the English. In the context of the time, the free exercise of their customs referred to noninterference by Europeans in their lifestyle, local government and justice system. There would be no imposition of laws, taxation or military service, as under the French regime. Freedom of trade had always meant exemption from any duties or legal restrictions imposed on colonists, and was never limited to the fur trade but extended to all commercial activities. The terms of the treaty were respected during the early years of British rule. In time the provincial and federal governments again infringed on the Huron's rights, until in May 1990 the Supreme Court of Canada took notice of the treaty.
Author CORNELIUS J. JAENEN
Links to Other Sites
Canadian Aboriginal Writing and Arts Challenge
The website for the Canadian Aboriginal Writing and Arts Challenge, which features Canada's largest essay writing competition for Aboriginal youth (ages 14-29) and a companion program for those who prefer to work through painting, drawing and photography. See their guidelines, teacher resources, profiles of winners, and more. From the Historica-Dominion Institute.