Most mountains are the product of several processes and their form depends on age, rock type and climate, which influence the type, extent and rate of EROSION. Mount Everest (elevation 8847.7 m), in the Himalayas, is the highest point on the Earth. The highest mountain in Canada is Mount LOGAN (elevation 5959 m) in the ST ELIAS MOUNTAINS) of the Yukon. The mountains having the greatest relief on the Earth are the volcanoes of oceanic islands, which rise from the deep ocean floor, eg, Mauna Kea, the highest mountain in Hawaii, which extends 9752 m from the ocean floor.
See also GEOLOGICAL REGIONS.
Author J.G. SOUTHER
Links to Other Sites
Journeys & Transformations: British Columbia Landscapes
Explore the fascinating natural and human history of British Columbia through this multimedia website from the Royal British Columbia Museum.
A well-illustrated online guide to natural geological processes related to plate tectonics, earthquakes, and related events. From Natural Resources Canada.
Rockies Mystery Solved by New Mountain-Creation Theory?
A news story about alternate theories regarding geological events that may have been responsible for the formation of the Rocky Mountains. From the National Geographic website.
Mount Logan: Canadian Titan
Explore mighty Mount Logan, the tallest mountain in Canada, and find out about the history of First Nations communities in this region. From the Virtual Museum of Canada.