An increasingly powerful reform movement, including many denominational rivals, opposed Strachan's plans. In 1824 the legislature upheld the claim of the Church of Scotland to a share of the reserves. Later the debate over "co-establishment" of the Church of Scotland became an assault on the idea of establishment itself (see ANGLICANISM). In 1828 a Select Committee of the Assembly and the CANADA COMMITTEE of the British Commons criticized church establishment and recommended dividing profits from reserves among the Protestant denominations. In 1840 the Assembly accepted a bill dividing half the proceeds between the C of E and the C of S, leaving the remainder to other denominations. Still, by the early 1850s secularization of the reserves was being widely demanded. In late 1854 the MacNab-Morin coalition of UC conservatives and LC reformers passed a bill to transfer reserve-sale proceeds to the Municipalities Funds of UC and LC; to pay present clerical incumbents their stipends for life; and to allow them to cede their life claims to their respective churches, which could commute the total into 6% annuities.
Commutation was attacked, but most wished to settle the controversy that had bedevilled religious and political life for 3 decades. The clergy reserves were secularized not because they were obstacles to settlement, but because the policy of church establishment they represented was unacceptable in religiously heterogeneous UC.
Author CURTIS FAHEY
Links to Other Sites
A biography of George Ryerson, militia officer, teacher, Methodist preacher, and Catholic Apostolic minister. From the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online.
A biography of John Strachan, teacher, clergyman, officeholder, and bishop. Also provides much detail about the history of Upper Canada. From the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online.
Besides hockey and the maple leaf, there is little as symbolically Canadian as the CBC – the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. It grew out of a developing nation's need to express its identity and find its voice.